The Silk Road discusses the importance of Rome conquering Egypt and turning its eyes East, which sparked my curiousity about Rome’s defeat of Egypt.
Octavian was a political monster who was able to climb the ranks of the army to become one of the leading generals of The Republic of Rome. After the assasination of Julius Caesar, he was one of the leading triumverate of Rome. In 31 BC, he marched his armies towards Cleopatra of Egypt (and fellow Roman general Marc Antony). He defeated Cleopatra and Antony’s highly dysfunctional leadership and armies in the Battle of Actium to conquer Egypt, which produced enormous amounts of wealth from its fertile farmlands, thus began channeling an enormous amount of wealth back to Rome following Rome’s victory. This marked the beginning of the Roman Empire and Octavian would later be named the honorable title of Augustus.