A potato blight struck Ireland in 1845, lasted 8 years, and destroyed Ireland’s primary source of food, since England exported most other foods. Frederic Douglas commented Ireland reminded him of his childhood in slavery. Massive starvation. A flotilla of ships called Coffin Ships – as many as D-Day – sailed straight across to Boston, with 25% of travelers dying due to awful conditions. Would lead to hatred of English, and permanent changes to Irish demographics.